Comparative Clinical Study of Suprathel ® and Jelonet ® Wound Dressings in Burn Wound Healing after Enzymatic Debridement
Following the enzymatic debridement of deep dermal burns, the choice of wound dressing is crucial for providing an adequate environment and suitable conditions for rapid wound healing. As Suprathel ® and fatty gauze (Jelonet ® ) are the most commonly used dressings in burn centers, the aim of this study is to compare Suprathel ® and Jelonet ® in the treatment of deep dermal burns after enzymatic debridement with respect to wound healing, patient comfort, and pain. A total of 23 patients with deep dermal burns of the hand or foot (mean total body surface area of 4.31%) were included in this prospective, unicentric, open, comparative, and intra-individual clinical study. After enzymatic debridement, wounds were divided into two areas: one was treated with Suprathel ® and the other with Jelonet ® . Suprathel ® remained on the wounds without dressing changes while Jelonet ® was regularly changed. Wound healing, infection, bleeding, exudation, time for dressing changes, and pain were documented (from days 2 to 48) after injury. Satisfactory results were obtained in 22 cases; only one patient had to undergo a second debridement followed by skin grafting. No significant difference in time to final wound healing could be observed (18–19 d). Patients reported significantly less pain during the dressing changes for Suprathel ® compared to Jelonet ® . Furthermore, the wound areas treated with Suprathel ® showed significantly less exudation and bleeding. Wound infections rarely occurred in both groups. In conclusion, the authors found that both wound dressings could be used to achieve safe and rapid wound healing after the enzymatic debridement of deep dermal burns of the hands and feet. However, compared to Jelonet ® , Suprathel ® showed superior results in terms of patient comfort and pain reduction.