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Predictive Value of the Münchener Funktionelle Entwicklungsdiagnostik Used to Determine Risk Factors for Motor Development in German Preterm Infants

Affiliation
Department for Pediatrics, Universitätsklinikum Würzburg, 97070 Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany
Janning, Anna;
Affiliation
Department of Pediatrics, University Rostock, 18057 Rostock, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany;
Lademann, Hanne;
Affiliation
Department for Neonatology, Klinikum Südstadt Rostock, 18059 Rostock, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany
Olbertz, Dirk

Early diagnosis of developmental delays is essential to providing early developmental care. The Münchener Funktionelle Entwicklungsdiagnostik (MFED) is a simple and cost-effective tool for diagnosing the development of infants and young children. Nevertheless, the MFED has not been a well-studied part of current research. This retrospective cohort study aims to detect risk factors and assess the impact of developmental care during the first twelve months of life, using the MFED. Furthermore, it determines the MFED’s predictive value by comparing results with an international gold standard, the Bayley Scales of Infant Development II (BSID II). The study included 303 infants born between 2008–2013 in Rostock, Germany, with a birth weight of ≤1500 g and/or a gestational age of ≤32 weeks, who were evaluated with the MFED at twelve months of age. To ascertain the predictive value, 213 infants underwent BSID II assessment at 24 months of age. Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), and periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) were significantly associated with a higher risk of developmental delay across various domains. Post-discharge developmental care therapies did not indicate any clear beneficial effect on the infant’s development. Nevertheless, some domains of MFED demonstrate predictive value, warranting increased attention for this diagnostic.

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