A disulfidptosis-related lncRNA prognostic model to predict survival and response to immunotherapy in lung adenocarcinoma
Background: Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the major subtype of lung cancer and has a poor prognosis. Disulfidptosis is a novel regulated cell death form characterized by aberrant disulfide stress and actin network collapse. This study aimed to identify disulfidptosis-related lncRNAs, and predict LUAD patients’ prognosis and response to antitumor therapies by establishing a disulfidptosis-related lncRNA model. Methods: Transcriptome and clinical data of LUAD patients were obtained from the TCGA database. Pearson correlation and Cox regression analysis was used to identify disulfidptosis-related lncRNAs associated with overall survival. LASSO regression analysis was adopted to construct the prognostic model. GO, KEGG and GSEA analysis was used to identify cellular pathways related to this model. Immune cell infiltration was investigated by ESTIMATE and CIBERSORT algorithms. Tumor mutational burden (TMB) and its association with model-derived risk score were analyzed using simple nucleotide variation data. Patients’ response to immunotherapy and other antineoplastic drugs was predicted by the TIDE algorithm and GDSC tool, respectively. Results: We identified 127 disulfidptosis-related lncRNAs, and a prognostic model that consists eight of them (KTN1-AS1, AL365181.3, MANCR, LINC01352, AC090559.1, AC093673.1, AP001094.3, and MHENCR) was established and verified. The prognostic model could stratify LUAD patients into two distinct risk-score groups. A high risk score was an independent prognosis factor indicating poor overall survival, and correlated with reduced immune cell infiltration, high TMB, and lower activity of tumor immune response. Immune checkpoint blockade might bring more survival benefits to the high-risk LUAD patients, whereas low-risk patients might be more responsive to targeted therapy and diverse kinase inhibitors. Conclusion: We established a disulfidptosis-related lncRNA model that can be exploited to predict the prognosis, tumor mutational burden, immune cell infiltration landscape, and response to immunotherapy and targeted therapy in LUAD patients.