Case report: Concomitant EGFR mutation and ALK rearrangement in non-small cell lung cancer
In non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), two key genetic alterations, epidermal growth factor receptor ( EGFR ) mutations and anaplastic lymphoma kinase ( ALK ) rearrangements, are commonly believed to be mutually exclusive. Studies have reported that concurrent EGFR/ALK co-mutation in non-small cell lung cancer patients is rare, with a prevalence ranging from 0.1% to 1.6%. However, the clinical and pathological characteristics of these patients are not well-defined, and the optimal treatment approach for such cases remains controversial. In this report, we present a case of stage IV lung adenocarcinoma with both epidermal growth factor receptor and anaplastic lymphoma kinase mutations, along with high PD-L1 expression. The patient initially received treatment with epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), but the disease progressed. However, following a switch to ALK -TKI therapy and local radiotherapy, the lesion showed regression. Our report also provides a comprehensive summary of the clinical and pathological features, as well as treatment strategies, for non-small cell lung cancer patients with concurrent epidermal growth factor receptor mutation and anaplastic lymphoma kinase rearrangement.