Navigating bioactivity space in anti-tubercular drug discovery through the deployment of advanced machine learning models and cheminformatics tools: a molecular modeling based retrospective study
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the bacterial strain that causes tuberculosis (TB). However, multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis are significant obstacles to effective treatment. As a result, novel therapies against various strains of M. tuberculosis have been developed. Drug development is a lengthy procedure that includes identifying target protein and isolation, preclinical testing of the drug, and various phases of a clinical trial, etc. , can take decades for a molecule to reach the market. Computational approaches such as QSAR, molecular docking techniques, and pharmacophore modeling have aided drug development. In this review article, we have discussed the various techniques in tuberculosis drug discovery by briefly introducing them and their importance. Also, the different databases, methods, approaches, and software used in conducting QSAR, pharmacophore modeling, and molecular docking have been discussed. The other targets targeted by these techniques in tuberculosis drug discovery have also been discussed, with important molecules discovered using these computational approaches. This review article also presents the list of drugs in a clinical trial for tuberculosis found drugs. Finally, we concluded with the challenges and future perspectives of these techniques in drug discovery.