A Study of the Bisphosphonic Derivatives from the Pudovik Reaction of Dialkyl α-Oxophosphonates and >P(O)H Reagents: X-ray Structure and Bioactivity
New hydroxy-methylenebisphosphonic derivatives were prepared with different P-functions. The outcome of the reaction of α-oxophosphonates (YC(O)P(O)(OR) 2 ) and dialkyl phosphites or diarylphosphine oxides depended on the Y substituent of the oxo-compound, the nature of the P-reagent and the amount of the diethylamine catalyst. Starting from dimethyl α-oxoethylphosphonate, in the presence of 5% of diethylamine, the corresponding Pudovik adduct was the single product. While using 40% of the catalyst, the rearranged species with the >P(O)–O–CH–P(O)< skeleton was the exclusive component. A similar reaction of α-oxobenzylphosphonate followed the rearrangement protocol. X-ray crystallography revealed not only the spatial structures of the three products, but also an intricate pattern evolving from the interplay of slight chemical differences, solvent inclusion and disorder as well as H -bridge patterns, which invite further investigation. In vitro activity of the compounds was assessed on different tumor cell cultures using end-point-type cell tetrazolium-based measurements. These structure–activity studies revealed a cytostatic effect for four rearranged derivatives containing aromatic units. One of them had a pronounced effect on MDA-MB 231 and Ebc-1 cells, showing IC 50 = 37.8 and 25.9 µM, respectively.