The Effect of Local Anesthetics on Neutrophils in the Context of Different Isolation Techniques
Various functions of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) are related to diseases and postoperative plasma changes. The influence of some local anesthetics (LAs) on PMNs obtained by conventional isolation methods and their functions has already been demonstrated. This study investigates the effect of selected LAs on PMNs, comparing a new isolation method with conventional ones. To obtain the PMNs, we performed either gelafundin sedimentation, hypotonic lysis or density gradient centrifugation. Subsequently, PMNs were mixed with different concentrations of bupivacaine, levobupivacaine, lidocaine or ropivacaine. Live cell imaging and flow cytometry were performed to quantify the migration, ROS production, NETosis and antigen expression of PMNs. We found the inhibition of chemotaxis and ROS production by LAs. PMNs showed a strong reduction in time to half maximal NETosis in response to bupivacaine and lidocaine, but not to levobupivacaine and ropivacaine. We also found distinct differences in survival time and migration duration between the isolation methods. This suggests that the careful selection of LAs has a short-term impact on in vitro PMNs.