Therapeutic potential of Coptis chinensis for arthritis with underlying mechanisms
Arthritis is a common degenerative disease of joints, which has become a public health problem affecting human health, but its pathogenesis is complex and cannot be eradicated. Coptis chinensis (CC) has a variety of active ingredients, is a natural antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drug. In which, berberine is its main effective ingredient, and has good therapeutic effects on rheumatoid arthritis (RA), osteoarthritis (OA), gouty arthritis (GA). RA, OA and GA are the three most common types of arthritis, but the relevant pathogenesis is not clear. Therefore, molecular mechanism and prevention and treatment of arthritis are the key issues to be paid attention to in clinical practice. In general, berberine, palmatine, coptisine, jatrorrhizine, magnoflorine and jatrorrhizine hydrochloride in CC play the role in treating arthritis by regulating Wnt1/β-catenin and PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathways. In this review, active ingredients, targets and mechanism of CC in the treatment of arthritis were expounded, and we have further explained the potential role of AHR, CAV1, CRP, CXCL2, IRF1, SPP1, and IL-17 signaling pathway in the treatment of arthritis, and to provide a new idea for the clinical treatment of arthritis by CC.