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Recommendations for wider adoption of clinical pharmacy in Central and Eastern Europe in order to optimise pharmacotherapy and improve patient outcomes

Affiliation
Department of Clinical Pharmacology ,Wroclaw Medical University ,Wroclaw ,Poland
Urbańczyk, Kamila;
Affiliation
Tauernklinikum Zell am See ,Zell am See ,Austria
Guntschnig, Sonja;
Affiliation
Independent Expert ,Thessaloniki ,Greece
Antoniadis, Vasilis;
Affiliation
Department of Pharmacokinetics and Clinical Pharmacy ,Faculty of Medicine ,University of Banja Luka ,Banja Luka ,Bosnia and Herzegovina
Falamic, Slaven;
Affiliation
Pharmacy Department ,University Clinical Centre of the Republic of Srpska ,Banja Luka ,Bosnia and Herzegovina
Kovacevic, Tijana;
Affiliation
Department of Family Medicine ,Medical University of Lodz ,Lodz ,Poland
Kurczewska-Michalak, Marta;
Affiliation
Department of Pharmacokinetics and Clinical Pharmacy ,Faculty of Pharmacy ,University of Belgrade ,Belgrade ,Serbia
Miljković, Branislava;
Affiliation
Department of Clinical Pharmacology ,University Hospital Bratislava—Hospital Ruzinov ,Bratislava ,Slovakia
Olearova, Anna;
Affiliation
Faculty of Medicine ,University of Latvia ,Riga ,Latvia
Sviestina, Inese;
Affiliation
Pharmacy Department ,National Institute of Oncology ,Budapest ,Hungary
Szucs, Attila;
Affiliation
Department of Organization and Economy of Pharmacy ,Faculty of Pharmacy ,Medical University-Sofia ,Sofia ,Bulgaria
Tachkov, Konstantin;
Affiliation
Department of Hospital Pharmacy ,Bajcsy-Zsilinszky Hospital ,Budapest ,Hungary
Tiszai, Zita;
Affiliation
Institute of Pharmacy ,Faculty of Medicine ,University of Tartu ,Tartu ,Estonia
Volmer, Daisy;
Affiliation
Department of Clinical Pharmacology ,Wroclaw Medical University ,Wroclaw ,Poland
Wiela-Hojeńska, Anna;
Affiliation
Department of Clinical and Social Pharmacy ,Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové ,Charles University ,Hradec Králové ,Czechia
Fialova, Daniela;
Affiliation
Department of Clinical and Social Pharmacy ,Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové ,Charles University ,Hradec Králové ,Czechia
Vlcek, Jiri;
Affiliation
Department of Pharmacology ,Faculty of Medicine Maribor ,University of Maribor ,Maribor ,Slovenia
Stuhec, Matej;
Affiliation
Medicines Optimisation Innovation Centre ,Antrim Hospital ,Antrim ,United Kingdom
Hogg, Anita;
Affiliation
Medicines Optimisation Innovation Centre ,Antrim Hospital ,Antrim ,United Kingdom
Scott, Michael;
Affiliation
College of Pharmacy ,QU Health ,Qatar University ,Doha ,Qatar
Stewart, Derek;
Affiliation
Effective Prescribing and Therapeutics ,Health and Social Care Directorate ,Scottish Government ,Edinburgh ,United Kingdom
Mair, Alpana;
Affiliation
European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines & Healthcare ,Council of Europe ,Strasbourg ,France
Ravera, Silvia;
Affiliation
European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines & Healthcare ,Council of Europe ,Strasbourg ,France
Lery, François-Xavier;
Affiliation
Department of Family Medicine ,Medical University of Lodz ,Lodz ,Poland
Kardas, Przemysław

Clinical pharmacy as an area of practice, education and research started developing around the 1960s when pharmacists across the globe gradually identified the need to focus more on ensuring the appropriate use of medicines to improve patient outcomes rather than being engaged in manufacturing and supply. Since that time numerous studies have shown the positive impact of clinical pharmacy services (CPS). The need for wider adoption of CPS worldwide becomes urgent, as the global population ages, and the prevalence of polypharmacy as well as shortage of healthcare professionals is rising. At the same time, there is great pressure to provide both high-quality and cost-effective health services. All these challenges urgently require the adoption of a new paradigm of healthcare system architecture. One of the most appropriate answers to these challenges is to increase the utilization of the potential of highly educated and skilled professionals widely available in these countries, i.e., pharmacists, who are well positioned to prevent and manage drug-related problems together with ensuring safe and effective use of medications with further care relating to medication adherence. Unfortunately, CPS are still underdeveloped and underutilized in some parts of Europe, namely, in most of the Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries. This paper reviews current situation of CPS development in CEE countries and the prospects for the future of CPS in that region.

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License Holder: Copyright © 2023 Urbańczyk, Guntschnig, Antoniadis, Falamic, Kovacevic, Kurczewska-Michalak, Miljković, Olearova, Sviestina, Szucs, Tachkov, Tiszai, Volmer, Wiela-Hojeńska, Fialova, Vlcek, Stuhec, Hogg, Scott, Stewart, Mair, Ravera, Lery and Kardas.

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