Assigning the Absolute Configuration of Inositol Poly- and Pyrophosphates by NMR Using a Single Chiral Solvating Agent
Inositol phosphates constitute a family of highly charged messenger molecules that play diverse roles in cellular processes. The various phosphorylation patterns they exhibit give rise to a vast array of different compounds. To fully comprehend the biological interconnections, the precise molecular identification of each compound is crucial. Since the myo -inositol scaffold possesses an internal mirror plane, enantiomeric pairs can be formed. Most commonly employed methods for analyzing InsPs have been geared towards resolving regioisomers, but they have not been capable of resolving enantiomers. In this study, we present a general approach for enantiomer assignment using NMR measurements. To achieve this goal, we used 31 P-NMR in the presence of L-arginine amide as a chiral solvating agent, which enables the differentiation of enantiomers. Using chemically synthesized standard compounds allows for an unambiguous assignment of the enantiomers. This method was applied to highly phosphorylated inositol pyrophosphates, as well as to lowly phosphorylated inositol phosphates and bisphosphonate analogs. Our method will facilitate the assignment of biologically relevant isomers when isolating naturally occurring compounds from biological specimens.