Integrative analysis illustrates the role of PCDH7 in lung cancer development, cisplatin resistance, and immunotherapy resistance: an underlying target
Background: Cisplatin resistance is a common clinical problem in lung cancer. However, the underlying mechanisms have not yet been fully elucidated, highlighting the importance of searching for biological targets. Methods: Bioinformatics analysis is completed through downloaded public data (GSE21656, GSE108214, and TCGA) and specific R packages. The evaluation of cell proliferation ability is completed through CCK8 assay, colony formation, and EdU assay. The evaluation of cell invasion and migration ability is completed through transwell and wound-healing assays. In addition, we evaluated cell cisplatin sensitivity by calculating IC 50 . Results: Here, we found that PCDH7 may be involved in cisplatin resistance in lung cancer through public database analysis (GSE21656 and GSE108214). Then, a series of in vitro experiments was performed, which verified the cancer-promoting role of PCDH7 in NSCLC. Moreover, the results of IC 50 detection showed that PCDH7 might be associated with cisplatin resistance of NSCLC. Next, we investigated the single-cell pattern, biological function, and immune analysis of PCDH7. Importantly, we noticed PCDH7 may regulate epithelial–mesenchymal transition activity, and the local infiltration of CD8 + T and activated NK cells. Furthermore, we noticed that patients with high PCDH7 expression might be more sensitive to bortezomib, docetaxel, and gemcitabine, and resistant to immunotherapy. Finally, a prognosis model based on three PCDH7-derived genes ( GPX8 , BCAR3 , and TNS4 ) was constructed through a machine learning algorithm, which has good prediction ability on NSCLC patients’ survival. Conclusion: Our research has improved the regulatory framework for cisplatin resistance in NSCLC and can provide direction for subsequent related research, especially regarding PCDH7.