Assessment of community pharmacists’ knowledge about drug-drug interactions in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Background: Drug-drug interactions (DDIs) have the potential to result in severe adverse drug events and profoundly affect patient outcomes. The pivotal role community pharmacists assume in recognizing and effectively managing these interactions necessitates a comprehensive understanding and heightened awareness of their implications. Such knowledge and awareness among community pharmacists are fundamental for ensuring the delivery of safe and efficacious care to patients. Aim: This study aimed to assess the knowledge of community pharmacists in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, regarding drug-drug interactions (DDIs). Method: A cross-sectional survey was administered to a cohort of 147 community pharmacists through the utilization of a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire encompassed a comprehensive range of 30 multiple-choice questions, encompassing various facets pertaining to drug-drug interactions (DDIs). Results: A total of 147 community pharmacists working in Jeddah City, Saudi Arabia, completed the survey. The majority of them were male (89.1%, n = 131), and had bachelor’s degrees in pharmacy. Results showed that the lowest correct response of DDIs was between Theophylline/Omeprazole, while the highest was between amoxicillin and acetaminophen. Results revealed that among the 28 drug pairs, only six pairs were determined correctly by most participants. The study found that majority of the studied community pharmacist could not determine the correct answer on drug-drug interaction knowledge, as also seen with the measured below half mean DDIs knowledge of 38.22 ± 22.0 (min = 0, max = 89.29, median = 35.71). Conclusion: The study highlights the need for ongoing training and education programs for community pharmacists in Saudi Arabia to enhance their knowledge and understanding of DDIs, ultimately leading to improved patient care and safety.