Kinetics of Water-Induced Amorphous Phase Separation in Amorphous Solid Dispersions via Raman Mapping
The poor bioavailability of an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) can be enhanced by dissolving it in a polymeric matrix. This formulation strategy is commonly known as amorphous solid dispersion (ASD). API crystallization and/or amorphous phase separation can be detrimental to the bioavailability. Our previous work ( Pharmaceutics 2022, 14(9), 1904 ) provided analysis of the thermodynamics underpinning the collapse of ritonavir (RIT) release from RIT/poly(vinylpyrrolidone-co-vinyl acetate) (PVPVA) ASDs due to water-induced amorphous phase separation. This work aimed for the first time to quantify the kinetics of water-induced amorphous phase separation in ASDs and the compositions of the two evolving amorphous phases. Investigations were performed via confocal Raman spectroscopy, and spectra were evaluated using so-called Indirect Hard Modeling. The kinetics of amorphous phase separation were quantified for 20 wt% and 25 wt% drug load (DL) RIT/PVPVA ASDs at 25 °C and 94% relative humidity (RH). The in situ measured compositions of the evolving phases showed excellent agreement with the ternary phase diagram of the RIT/PVPVA/water system predicted by PC-SAFT in our previous study ( Pharmaceutics 2022, 14(9), 1904 ).