Corylin accelerated wound healing through SIRT1 and PI3K/AKT signaling: a candidate remedy for chronic non-healing wounds
Introduction: Chronic non-healing wound is a considerable clinical challenge and research into the discovery of novel pro-healing agents is underway as existing therapeutic approaches cannot sufficiently meet current needs. Method: We studied the effects of corylin in cell line fibroblasts and macrophages by Western blots, PCR, Flow cytometry assay, Immunofluorescence. Results: We showed that corylin, a main flavonoid extracted from Psoralea corylifolia L, reduced inflammatory responses, promoted collagen deposition, and accelerated the healing of full-thickness skin wounds in mice. Exploration of the underlying mechanisms showed that corylin activated the PI3K/AKT signaling, leading to fibroblasts’ migration, proliferation, and scratch healing. Corylin also activated sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) signaling, enhanced the deacetylation and cytoplasmic translocation of NF-κB p65, and therefore reduced lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory responses in macrophages. Furthermore, inhibition of PI3K/AKT and sirtuin 1 pathway with LY294002 and EX527 prevent the therapeutic potency of corylin against chronic wounds. Conclusion: In summary, our results suggested that corylin may be a candidate for the development of novel pro-healing agents.