An ultrasound assisted, ionic liquid-molecular iodine synergy driven efficient green synthesis of pyrrolobenzodiazepine-triazole hybrids as potential anticancer agents

Department of Chemistry ,University of Allahabad ,Prayagraj ,Uttar Pradesh ,India
Saquib, Mohammad;
Department of Chemistry ,Aligarh Muslim University ,Aligarh ,Uttar Pradesh ,India
Ahamad, Shakir;
Department of Biotechnology ,Era’s Lucknow Medical College ,Era University ,Lucknow ,Uttar Pradesh ,India
Khan, Mohammad Faheem;
Department of Biochemistry ,Faculty of Science ,King Abdulaziz University ,Jeddah ,Saudi Arabia
Khan, Mohammad Imran;
Department of Chemistry ,Govt. Raza P.G. College ,Rampur ,Uttar Pradesh ,India
Hussain, Mohd Kamil

Herein, we report an efficient and eco-friendly, ultrasound assisted synthetic strategy for the construction of diversified pyrrolobenzodiazepine-triazole hybrids, which are potentially pharmaceutically important scaffolds, via a domino reaction involving intermolecular electrophilic substitution followed by intramolecular Huisgen 1,3-dipolar azide-alkyne cycloaddition. The USP of the reported protocol is the use of benign and inexpensive, recyclable molecular iodine-ionic liquid synergistic catalytic system cum reaction media for achieving the synthesis. The other salient features of this method are the use of mild reaction conditions, high yield and atom economy, operational simplicity, broad substrate scope and easy workup and purification. All the synthesized compounds were evaluated for in vitro anti-proliferative activity against various cancer cell lines. From among the synthesized title compounds, 9,9-dimethyl-8-phenyl-9H-benzo [b]pyrrolo [1,2-d][1,2,3]triazolo[5,1-g][1,4]diazepine (7) was found most to be the most active compound exhibiting IC 50 value of 6.60, 5.45, 7.85, 11.21, 12.24, 10.12, and 11.32 µM against MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, HeLa, SKOV-3, A549, HCT-116 and DLD-1 cell lines, respectively. Further the compounds were found to be non-toxic against normal human embryonic kidney (HEK-293) cell line.


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