Increased expression of glutathione peroxidase 3 prevents tendinopathy by suppressing oxidative stress
Tendinopathy, a degenerative disease, is characterized by pain, loss of tendon strength, or rupture. Previous studies have identified multiple risk factors for tendinopathy, including aging and fluoroquinolone use; however, its therapeutic target remains unclear. We analyzed self-reported adverse events and the US commercial claims data and found that the short-term use of dexamethasone prevented both fluoroquinolone-induced and age-related tendinopathy. Rat tendons treated systemically with fluoroquinolone exhibited mechanical fragility, histological change, and DNA damage; co-treatment with dexamethasone attenuated these effects and increased the expression of the antioxidant enzyme glutathione peroxidase 3 (GPX3), as revealed via RNA-sequencing. The primary role of GPX3 was validated in primary cultured rat tenocytes treated with fluoroquinolone or H 2 O 2 , which accelerates senescence, in combination with dexamethasone or viral overexpression of GPX3. These results suggest that dexamethasone prevents tendinopathy by suppressing oxidative stress through the upregulation of GPX3. This steroid-free approach for upregulation or activation of GPX3 can serve as a novel therapeutic strategy for tendinopathy.