New Marine Fungal Deoxy-14,15-Dehydroisoaustamide Resensitizes Prostate Cancer Cells to Enzalutamide
Marine fungi serve as a valuable source for new bioactive molecules bearing various biological activities. In this study, we report on the isolation of a new indole diketopiperazine alkaloid deoxy-14,15-dehydroisoaustamide ( 1 ) from the marine-derived fungus Penicillium dimorphosporum KMM 4689 associated with a soft coral. The structure of this metabolite, including its absolute configuration, was determined by HR-MS, 1D and 2D NMR as well as CD data. Compound 1 is a very first deoxyisoaustamide alkaloid possessing two double bonds in the proline ring. The isolated compound was noncytotoxic to a panel of human normal and cancer cell lines up to 100 µM. At the same time, compound 1 resensitized prostate cancer 22Rv1 cells to androgen receptor (AR) blocker enzalutamide. The mechanism of this phenomenon was identified as specific drug-induced degradation of androgen receptor transcription variant V7 (AR-V7), which also resulted in general suppression of AR signaling. Our data suggest that the isolated alkaloid is a promising candidate for combinational therapy of castration resistant prostate cancer, including drug-resistant subtypes.