Investigation of the Influence of Charge State and Collision Energy on Oligonucleotide Fragmentation by Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Due to the increasing pharmaceutical interest of oligonucleotides, for example in antisense therapy and vaccines, their analytical characterization is of fundamental importance due to their complex structure. For this purpose, mass spectrometry is a viable tool for structural studies of nucleic acids. Structural information regarding the primary sequence of a nucleic acid can reliably be gained via tandem mass spectrometry (MSMS) fragmentation. In this work, we present the characteristic fragmentation behavior of short-chain oligonucleotides (15–35 nucleotides) with respect to the collision-induced dissociation (CID) voltage used. The relationship and influence of the length of the oligonucleotide and its charge state is also discussed. The results presented here can be helpful for estimating the required fragmentation energies of short-chain oligonucleotides and their sequencing.