Physicochemical Stability of Generic Thiotepa Concentrate and Ready-to-Administer Infusion Solutions for Conditioning Treatment
The objective of this study was to determine the physicochemical in-use stability of recently approved Thiotepa Riemser concentrate in the original vial and diluted ready-to-administer (RTA) infusion solutions in prefilled glucose 5% and 0.9% NaCl polyolefin bags. Thiotepa Riemser 10 mg/mL concentrates and infusion solutions (1 mg/mL, 2 mg/mL, 3 mg/mL) were prepared in triplicate and stored at 2–8 °C or 25 °C for 14 days. Thiotepa concentrations were determined using a stability-indicating RP-HPLC assay. In parallel, pH and osmolality were measured. Sub-visible particles were counted on day 0 and 14. Thiotepa Riemser concentrate was revealed to be stable for 14 days when stored at 2–8 °C, or for 24 h when stored at 25 °C. Thiotepa concentrations in infusion solutions stored at 2–8 °C remained above 95% of the initial concentrations for at least 14 days, regardless of the type of vehicle solution. When stored at 25 °C, thiotepa infusion solutions in glucose 5% proved to be physicochemically stable for 3 days (1 mg/mL), 5 days (2 mg/mL) or 7 days (3 mg/mL). Thiotepa infusion solutions in 0.9% NaCl remained physicochemically stable for 5 days (1 mg/mL) or 7 days (2 mg/mL, 3 mg/mL). At these points in time, the specification limit of ≤0.6% monochloro-adduct was fulfilled. In parallel, an elevation of the pH values was registered. Thiotepa concentrates and infusion solutions should be stored at 2–8 °C due to temperature-dependent physicochemical stability, and for microbiological reasons. Glucose 5% infusion solution is recommended as a diluent, and stability-improving nominal 2 mg/mL to 3 mg/mL thiotepa concentrations should be obtained.