Advancing evidence-based treatment of infectious diseases in children with real-world data: Opportunities and challenges
There is an increased interest in utilizing real-world data (RWD) for pharmaceutical research and regulatory decision-making. The development and use of pediatric medicines could benefit greatly from real-world data studies given nearly half of drugs prescribed to children are “off-label”, meaning there is a lack of pediatric-specific evidence from controlled trials, while there is an abundance of data from routine clinical practice. Currently, the use of real-world data, such as data from electronic health records, is lacking in pediatric research, especially within infectious diseases. Here, we discuss opportunities and challenges for real-world data to generate evidence on the optimal treatment and management of infectious diseases in children.