A novel cuproptosis-related prognostic 2-lncRNAs signature in breast cancer
Background: Cuproptosis, a newly defined regulated form of cell death, is mediated by the accumulation of copper ions in cells and related to protein lipoacylation. Seven genes have been reported as key genes of cuproptosis phenotype. Cuproptosis may be developed by subsequent research as a target to treat cancer, such as breast cancer. Long-noncoding RNA (lncRNA) has been proved to play a vital role in regulating the biological process of breast cancer. However, the role of lncRNAs in cuproptosis is poorly studied. Methods: Based on TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) database and integrated several R packages, we screened out 153 cuproptosis-related lncRNAs and constructed a novel cuproptosis-related prognostic 2-lncRNAs signature (BCCuS) in breast cancer and then verified. By using pRRophetic package and machine learning, 72 anticancer drugs, significantly related to the model, were screened out. qPCR was used to detect the differentially expression of two model lncRNAs and seven cuproptosis genes between 10 pairs of breast cancer tissue samples and adjacent samples. Results: We constructed a novel cuproptosis-related prognostic 2-lncRNAs (USP2-AS1, NIFK-AS1) signature (BCCuS) in breast cancer. Univariate COX analysis ( p < .001) and multivariate COX analysis ( p < .001) validated that BCCuS was an independent prognostic factor for breast cancer. Overall survival Kaplan Meier-plotter, ROC curve and Risk Plot validated the prognostic value of BCCuS both in test set and verification set. Nomogram and C-index proved that BCCuS has strong correlation with clinical decision-making. BCCuS still maintain inspection efficiency when patients were splitting into Stage I−II ( p = .024) and Stage III−IV ( p = .003) breast cancer. BCCuS-high group and BCCuS-low group showed significant differences in gene mutation frequency, immune function, TIDE (tumor immune dysfunction and exclusion) score and other phenotypes. TMB (tumor mutation burden)-high along with BCCuS-high group had the lowest Survival probability ( p = .005). 36 anticancer drugs whose sensitivity (IC50) was significantly related to the model were screened out using pRRophetic package. qPCR results showed that two model lncRNAs (USP2-AS1, NIFK-AS1) and three Cuproptosis genes (FDX1, PDHA1, DLAT) expressed differently between 10 pairs of breast cancer tissue samples and adjacent samples. Conclusion: The current study reveals that cuproptosis-related prognostic 2-lncRNAs signature (BCCuS) may be useful in predicting the prognosis, biological characteristics, and appropriate treatment of breast cancer patients.