Processing of Lipid Nanodispersions into Solid Powders by Spray Drying
Spray drying is a promising technology for drying lipid nanodispersions. These formulations can serve as carrier systems for poorly water-soluble active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) that are loaded into the lipid matrix to improve their bioavailability. Once the API-loaded nanocarriers have been further processed into solid dosage forms, they could be administered orally, which is usually preferred by patients. Various solid lipids as well as oils were used in this study to prepare lipid nanodispersions, and it was shown that their nanoparticulate properties could be maintained when lactose in combination with SDS was used as matrix material in the spray-drying process. In addition, for lipid nanoemulsions loaded with fenofibrate, a good redispersibility with particle sizes below 300 nm at a lipid content of 26.8 wt.% in the powders was observed. More detailed investigations on the influence of the drying temperature yielded good results when the inlet temperature of the drying air was set at 110 °C or above, enabling the lactose to form an amorphous matrix around the embedded lipid particles. A tristearin suspension was developed as a probe to measure the temperature exposure of the lipid particles during the drying process. The results with this approach indicate that the actual temperature the particles were exposed to during the drying process could be higher than the outlet temperature.