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The association between statin use and osteoarthritis-related outcomes: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis

Affiliation
Department of Orthopedics ,Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University ,Shenyang ,China
Zhang, Zhan;
Affiliation
Department of Orthopedics ,Central Hospital of Shenyang Medical College ,Shenyang ,China
Deng, Chunbo;
Affiliation
Department of Rehabilitation ,Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University ,Shenyang ,China
Ma, Xun;
Affiliation
Department of Clinical Epidemiology ,Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University ,Shenyang ,China
Wu, Qijun;
Affiliation
Department of Rehabilitation ,Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University ,Shenyang ,China
Zhou, Fenghua;
Affiliation
Department of Rehabilitation ,Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University ,Shenyang ,China
Liu, Xueyong

Objective: Findings among studies evaluating the effect of statin use and OA development in a 2020 meta-analysis of data from 11 observational studies of statin use and osteoarthritis (OA) revealed controversial results. We aimed to determine the associations between statin use and OA-related outcomes in an updated meta-analysis. Methods: The protocol was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42020163983). A systematic literature retrieval was performed in the online databases, including PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, and Scopus, from inception to 1 June 2022, for clinical studies that compared the effects of statin users vs. nonusers on OA-related outcomes risks. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses were performed to estimate the correlations between statin use and OA-related outcomes. Tendency analysis was also used to estimate dose-response effects. The risk of bias was evaluated with the Newcastle–Ottawa scale. Results: We included 23 studies involving more than 6,000,000 participants. Statin use was associated with increased OA risk (OR 1.099 [95%CI 1.002–1.206, p = 0.045]). Higher statin doses had higher OA risk (simvastatin equivalent daily of >40 mg). OA and related surgery risks were significantly reduced in statin users using antihypertensive drugs (AHDs). No significant differences were seen in other outcomes. Conclusion: This meta-analysis inferred that statin use might be associated with increased OA development, especially at higher doses. The present study highlights the importance of recognizing potential OA risk in the population with long-term and/or high-dose statin use, especially in older populations. In addition, AHDs are associated with lower OA risk and fewer surgeries in hypertensive statin users. Due to limitations of heterogeneity and confounders, more rigorous studies are needed to define the correlations between statin use and OA-related outcomes.

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License Holder: Copyright © 2022 Zhang, Deng, Ma, Wu, Zhou and Liu.

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