Intraoperative Optical Coherence Tomography in the Management of Macular Holes: State of the Art and Future Perspectives
Background: Non-invasive diagnostic technologies in ophthalmology have substantially transformed contemporary clinical practice. Intraoperative optical coherence tomography (iOCT) systems have recently been used for various surgical interventions, including the treatment of full-thickness macular holes (FTMHs). Materials and Methods: We conducted a systematic review on the use of iOCT and its possible benefits in the management of FTMHs, following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines (PRISMA). The level of evidence according to the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine (OCEM) 2011 guidelines, and the quality of evidence according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system, were assessed for all included articles. Results: 1131 articles were initially extracted, out of which 694 articles were obtained after duplicates were removed and their abstracts screened. A total of 65 articles was included for full-text review. Finally, 17 articles remained that fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Conclusions: Even though there is just a small number of studies with solid results, the use of iOCT in FTMH surgery may be a helpful tool for both novice and experienced surgeons planning and managing difficult cases. Additionally, it could be used for teaching reasons and for exploring novel surgical techniques.