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Identification of a novel oxidative stress-related prognostic model in lung adenocarcinoma

Affiliation
Department of Lung Cancer Surgery ,Tianjin ,China
Zhu, Yifan;
Affiliation
Department of Lung Cancer Surgery ,Tianjin ,China
Tang, Quanying;
Affiliation
Department of Lung Cancer Surgery ,Tianjin ,China
Cao, Weibo;
Affiliation
Department of Lung Cancer Surgery ,Tianjin ,China
Zhou, Ning;
Affiliation
Department of Lung Cancer Surgery ,Tianjin ,China
Jin, Xin;
Affiliation
Department of Lung Cancer Surgery ,Tianjin ,China
Song, Zuoqing;
Affiliation
Department of Lung Cancer Surgery ,Tianjin ,China
Zu, Lingling;
Affiliation
Department of Lung Cancer Surgery ,Tianjin ,China
Xu, Song

Background: Oxidative stress (OxS) participates in a variety of biological processes, and is considered to be related to the occurrence and progression of many tumors; however, the potential diagnostic value of OxS in lung cancer remains unclear. Methods: The clinicopathological and transcriptome data for lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) were collected from TCGA and GEO database. LASSO regression was used to construct a prognostic risk model. The prognostic significance of the OxS-related genes was explored using a Kaplan-Meier plotter database. The prediction performance of the risk model was shown in both the TCGA and GSE68465 cohorts. The qRT-PCR was performed to explore the expression of genes. CCK-8, Edu and transwell assays were conducted to analyze the role of CAT on cell proliferation migration and invasion in lung cancer. Immune infiltration was evaluated by CIBERSORT and mutational landscape was displayed in the TCGA database. Moreover, the relationship between risk score with drug sensitivity was investigated by pRRophetic. Results: We identified a prognosis related risk model based on a four OxS gene signature in LUAD, including CYP2D6 , FM O 3 , CAT , and GAPDH . The survival analysis and ROC curve indicated good predictive power of the model in both the TCGA and GEO cohorts. LUAD patients in the high-risk group had a shorter OS compared to the low-risk group. QRT-PCR result showed that the expression of four genes was consistent with previous analysis in cell lines. Moreover, overexpression of CAT could decrease the proliferation, invasion and migration of lung cancer cells. The Cox regression analysis showed that the risk score could be used as an independent prognostic factor for OS. LUAD patients in the high-risk score group exhibited a higher tumor mutation burden and risk score were closely related to tumor associated immune cell infiltration, as well as the expression of immune checkpoint molecules. Both the high- and low-risk groups have significant differences in sensitivity to some common chemotherapy drugs, such as Paclitaxel, Docetaxel, and Vinblastine, which may contribute to clinical treatment decisions. Conclusion: We established a robust OxS-related prognostic model, which may contribute to individualized immunotherapeutic strategies in LUAD.

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License Holder: Copyright © 2022 Zhu, Tang, Cao, Zhou, Jin, Song, Zu and Xu.

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