Feedback

Real-world patterns of opioid therapy initiation in Spain, 2012–2018: A population-based, retrospective cohort study with 957,080 patients and 1,509,488 initiations

Affiliation
Health Services Research Unit ,Foundation for the Promotion of Health and Biomedical Research of Valencia Region ,Valencia ,Fisabio
Hurtado, Isabel;
Affiliation
Health Services Research Unit ,Foundation for the Promotion of Health and Biomedical Research of Valencia Region ,Valencia ,Fisabio
Robles, Celia;
Affiliation
Health Services Research Unit ,Foundation for the Promotion of Health and Biomedical Research of Valencia Region ,Valencia ,Fisabio
Peiró, Salvador;
Affiliation
Health Services Research Unit ,Foundation for the Promotion of Health and Biomedical Research of Valencia Region ,Valencia ,Fisabio
García-Sempere, Aníbal;
Affiliation
Health Services Research Unit ,Foundation for the Promotion of Health and Biomedical Research of Valencia Region ,Valencia ,Fisabio
Llopis-Cardona, Fran;
Affiliation
Health Services Research Unit ,Foundation for the Promotion of Health and Biomedical Research of Valencia Region ,Valencia ,Fisabio
Sánchez-Sáez, Francisco;
Affiliation
Health Services Research Unit ,Foundation for the Promotion of Health and Biomedical Research of Valencia Region ,Valencia ,Fisabio
Rodríguez-Bernal, Clara;
Affiliation
Health Services Research Unit ,Foundation for the Promotion of Health and Biomedical Research of Valencia Region ,Valencia ,Fisabio
Sanfélix-Gimeno, Gabriel

Introduction: Europe has seen a steady increase in the use of prescription opioids, especially in non-cancer indications. Epidemiological data on the patterns of use of opioids is required to optimize prescription. We aim to describe the patterns of opioid therapy initiation for non-cancer pain and characteristics of patients treated in a region with five million inhabitants in the period 2012 to 2018. Methods: Population-based retrospective cohort study of all adult patients initiating opioid therapy for non-cancer pain in the region of Valencia. We described patient characteristics at baseline and the characteristics of baseline and subsequent treatment initiation. We used multinominal regression models to identify individual factors associated with initiation. Results: A total of 957,080 patients initiated 1,509,488 opioid treatments (957,080 baseline initiations, 552,408 subsequent initiations). For baseline initiations, 738,749 were with tramadol (77.19%), 157,098 with codeine (16.41%) 58,436 (6.11%) with long-acting opioids, 1,518 (0.16%) with short-acting opioids and 1,279 (0.13%) with ultrafast drugs. When compared to tramadol, patients initiating with short-acting, long-acting and ultrafast opioids were more likely to be older and had more comorbidities, whereas initiators with codeine were more prone to be healthier and younger. Treatments lasting less than 7 days accounted for 41.82% of initiations, and 11.89% lasted more than 30 days. 19.55% of initiators with ultrafast fentanyl received more than 120 daily Morphine Milligram Equivalents (MME), and 16.12% of patients initiating with long-acting opioids were prescribed more than 90 daily MME ( p < 0.001). Musculoskeletal indications accounted for 65.05% of opioid use. Overlap with benzodiazepines was observed in 24.73% of initiations, overlap with gabapentinoids was present in 11.04% of initiations with long-acting opioids and 28.39% of initiators with short-acting opioids used antipsychotics concomitantly. In subsequent initiations, 55.48% of treatments included three or more prescriptions (vs. 17.60% in baseline initiations) and risk of overlap was also increased. Conclusion: Opioids are initiated for a vast array of non-oncological indications, and, despite clinical guidelines, short-acting opioids are used marginally, and a significant number of patients is exposed to potentially high-risk patterns of initiation, such as treatments lasting more than 14 days, treatments surpassing 50 daily MMEs, initiating with long-acting opioids, or hazardous overlapping with other therapies.

Cite

Citation style:
Could not load citation form.

Access Statistic

Total:
Downloads:
Abtractviews:
Last 12 Month:
Downloads:
Abtractviews:

Rights

License Holder: Copyright © 2022 Hurtado, Robles, Peiró, García-Sempere, Llopis-Cardona, Sánchez-Sáez, Rodríguez-Bernal and Sanfélix-Gimeno.

Use and reproduction: