Feedback

Risk prediction model of polypharmacy for community-dwelling elderly patients: An assessment tool for early detection

Affiliation
School of Public Health ,Fudan University ,Shanghai ,China
Tang, Qi;
Affiliation
School of Public Health ,Fudan University ,Shanghai ,China
Lu, Jing;
Affiliation
School of Public Health ,Fudan University ,Shanghai ,China
Wu, Wenhui;
Affiliation
School of Public Health ,Fudan University ,Shanghai ,China
Liu, Zhenwei;
Affiliation
School of Public Health ,Fudan University ,Shanghai ,China
Zhao, Sitang;
Affiliation
School of Public Health ,Fudan University ,Shanghai ,China
Li, Chengyue;
Affiliation
School of Public Health ,Fudan University ,Shanghai ,China
Chen, Gang;
Affiliation
School of Public Health ,Fudan University ,Shanghai ,China
Lu, Jun

Background: Polypharmacy has become a major and growing public health issue, with significant implications for health outcomes and expenditure on healthcare resources. In this study, a risk prediction model of polypharmacy represented by a nomogram for community-dwelling elderly patients based on the Chinese population was constructed. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Shanghai, China. The variables data affecting polypharmacy were fetched from the information system database of health government departments in Shanghai. The Least Absolute Shrinkage Selection Operator (LASSO) regression analysis was used to select the predictor variables, and multivariate logistic regression was used to establish the prediction model. A visual tool of the nomogram was established for predicting the risk of polypharmacy in the elderly population. In addition, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, calibration curve, and decision curve analysis (DCA) were used to estimate the performance of the model. Results: A total of 80,012 elderly patients were included in this study. Eight variables, containing age, residential area, preferred medical institutions, number of visits to tertiary hospitals, number of visits to secondary hospitals, number of visits to community health centers, number of diagnoses, and main types of disease, were included in the risk prediction model of nomogram. The area under the curve (AUC) of the nomogram was 0.782 in both sets, demonstrating that the model has a good discriminant ability. The calibration chart shows that the prediction model fits well with the validation set. DCA results displayed that the threshold probabilities of the two sets in the prediction model reached up to 90%, implying that the model had a preferable application value. Conclusion: This study explored the risk factors for polypharmacy among the elderly in Shanghai, China, and applied the nomogram to establish a predictive model via eight variables, which provided an effective tool for early screening and timely prevention of polypharmacy. Family physicians or pharmacists could scientifically use the tool to closely observe community-dwelling elderly patients, decreasing the adverse health effects caused by medication for the elderly.

Cite

Citation style:
Could not load citation form.

Access Statistic

Total:
Downloads:
Abtractviews:
Last 12 Month:
Downloads:
Abtractviews:

Rights

License Holder: Copyright © 2022 Tang, Lu, Wu, Liu, Zhao, Li, Chen and Lu.

Use and reproduction: